For more information

If you are interested in more information about this breed contact the SPDR Breed Rep here.



General Description:

Originating in the Canadian province where he got his name, the Newfoundland is a swimmer, hauler and gentle companion. The Newfoundland is large, strong and active; at home in water and on land, with his natural life-saving instincts…a multi-purpose dog, capable of heavy work as well as a devoted companion for child and man. Sweetness of temperament is the most important single characteristic of the breed.



Females: Preferred height at the withers is 26 inches, and roughly 100-120 pounds. Males: Preferred height at the withers is 28 inches, and roughly 130-150 pounds.



While the vast majority of Newfoundland are black, some sporting white on feet, chest or tail, the breed can also be brown or grey or a black & white pattern often referred to as Landseer.


Energy Level:

Moderate- while not needing long jogs, a Newfoundland will live a longer and healthier life if he is kept fit with regular exercise, of course swimming is a preferred activity in warmer months.


Life expectancy:

10 to 12 years.



While the Newfoundland, know as a “Gentle Giant” has been epitomized as the ultimate “Nana” Newfs should be well socialized with children and supervision is needed, because of their forgiving and stoic nature, a Newf will tolerate much in the way of inappropriate behavior from unthinking youngsters.


Other animals:

Newfoundlands are typically very social creatures, without the degree of prey drive seen in some other breeds, proper introductions and supervision will lead to harmonious relationships with fellow family creatures. Care should be taken however, since even the most giant of Newfs still thinks he is a tiny lap-dog and may inadvertently injure a toy dog or kitten just by stepping or rolling on them.



Newfoundlands are multi-purpose dogs participating in many performance venues such as Obedience, Rally, Agility and Freestyle. In addition Newfoundlands excel at Water Rescue and Carting, activities which are showcased at tests given by the National and Regional Breed clubs. Many Newfoundlands are used as therapy dogs, they have an instinctive empathy and are sturdy enough to tolerate children laying on them for full body “hugs”.



Newfoundlands have a thick, long, double coat that requires regular grooming- weekly sessions of 30-45 minutes and daily sessions during their twice yearly “coat blow” are needing to prevent mats from developing. In the damp and wet northwest it is essential to have a way to dry the dog regularly or they develop a mildewed “doggy” smell that is most unpleasant.



Hip and Elbow Dysplasia are prevelant in the breed, along with a cardiac abnormality called SAS. There is also a kidney disorder called Cystinuria but because there is a DNA test available responsible breeders can test and clear all of their breeding stock, so this disorder is rarely seen.


Best with:

Families who want a house-dog. Newfoundlands love their people and want to be with them, whether out at the beach or hanging on the couch.


Not for:

People who want a clean house – Newfoundlands drool, shed, rub against the walls, knock things over, etc. A very strong vacuum cleaner is a must.



Benevolent, Intelligent and Dignified, a Newfoundland will look into your eyes and speak to your soul. They develop deep emotional bonds to their families, and are easy-going enough to make new friends with whomever they meet.



Drool. Shedding. Because of their size, any vet bills are high – it takes more medication, etc. to treat them than it would a toy poodle. Drool. Also because of their size there is a substantial food bill, although because of their slower metabolism their food intake is probably on par with an active lab or golden. Drool.


Further Information:

Newfoundland Club of Seattle

Newfoundland Club of America

Newfoundland Puppy Information Center

Newf Know-How- Everything you need to know to take care of your Newf

Don’t Get A Newfoundland
Breed Details

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